Canadian citizenship can be obtained by birth or by naturalization. Naturalization is the process through which a permanent resident acquires Canadian citizenship.
Canadian citizens have all the benefits and obligations of a permanent resident, but Citizenship holders solely have the following benefits:
Canadian citizens get a passport that allows them to travel to many countries without a visa and makes them less likely to encounter problems returning to Canada from abroad.
You can rely on Canadian consulates and embassies while abroad if you travel using a Canadian passport.
Canadian citizens can vote in federal, provincial and municipal elections, run for office, and become involved in political activities.
Federal government jobs tend to pay well and have many benefits, but some require a high-level security clearance, which only Canadian citizens can have.
Canada allows Dual Citizenship, so you don't have to choose between being a Canadian citizen and being a citizen of your home country, provided your country of origin allows the same.
Eligibility to become a Canadian citizen:
If you're 18 to 54 years of age, you need to take the citizenship test.
Discover Canada is the only official study guide for the citizenship test.
You'll need to answer questions about the rights and responsibilities of Canadians and Canada's:
The online citizenship test
Canada has two official languages: English and French.
If you’re 18 to 54 years of age, you must show that you can speak and listen at the Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) Level 4 or higher.